The first passage is based on History and the second passage is based on Politics. Passages from these streams are regularly asked in CAT exam.
Answer these questions from past CAT papers.
Australia, Canada and New Zealand had offered to pay for Indian troops.
India has already paid a sufficiently large sum during World War I.
It was afraid that if India refused to pay, Britain’s war efforts would be jeopardized.
The British empire was built on the premise that the conqueror pays the conquered.
What was the main lesson the British learned from the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857?
That the local princes were allies, not foes.
That the land revenue from India would decline dramatically.
That the British were a small ethnic group.
That India would be increasingly difficult to rule.
Which of the following was NOT a reason for the emergence of the ‘white man’s burden’ as a new rationale for empire-building in India?
The emergence of the idea of the public good as an element of governance.
The decreasing returns from imperial loot and increasing costs of conquest.
The weakening of the immorality attached to an emperor’s looting behaviour.
A growing awareness of the idea of equality among people.
Which of the following best captures the meaning of the ‘white man’s burden’, as it is used by the author?
The British claim to a civilizing mission directed at ensuring the good of the natives.
The inspiration for the French and American revolutions.
The resource drain that had to be borne by the home country’s white population.
An imperative that made open looting of resources impossible.
Which one of the following best expresses the main purpose of the author?
To present the various reasons that can lead to the collapse of an empire and the granting of independence of the subjects of an empire.
To point out the critical role played by the ‘white man’s burden’ in making a colonizing power give up its claims to native possessions.
To highlight the contradictory impulse underpinning empire building which is a costly business but very attractive at the same time.
To illustrate how erosion of the financial basis of an empire supports the granting of independence to an empire’s constituents.
A Utopia in which everyone is equal and no one enjoys any privilege based on their existing positions and powers.
A hypothetical society in which people agree upon principles of justice which are fair.
A society in which principles of justice are not based on the existing and powers of the individuals.
A society in which principles of justice are fair to all.
The original agreement or original position in the passage has been used by the author as:
A hypothetical situation conceived to derive principles of justice which are not influenced by position, status and condition of individuals in the society.
A hypothetical situation in which every individual is equal and no individual enjoys any privilege based on the existing positions and powers.
A hypothetical situation to ensure fairness of agreements among individuals in society.
An imagined situation in which principles of justice would have to be fair.
Which of the following best illustrates the situation that is equivalent to choosing "the principles of justice" behind a "veil of ignorance"?
The principles of justice are chosen by businessmen who are marooned on an uninhabited island after a shipwreck, but have some possibility of returning.
The principles of justice are chosen by a group of school children whose capabilities are yet to develop.
The principles of justice are chosen by businessmen who are marooned on an uninhabited island after a shipwreck and have no possibility of returning.
The principles of justice are chosen assuming that such principles will govern the lives of the rule makers only in their next birth if the rule makers agree that they will be born again.
Why, according to the passage, do principles of justice need to be based on an original agreement?
Social institutions and laws can be considered fair only if they conform to principles of justice.
Social institutions and laws can be fair only if they are consistent with the principles of justice as initially agreed upon.
Social institutions and laws need to be fair in order to be just.
Social institutions and laws evolve fairly only if they are consistent with the principles of justice as initially agreed upon
Which of the following situations best represents the idea of justice as fairness, as argued in the passage?
All individuals are paid equally for the work they do.
Everyone is assigned some work for his or her livelihood.
All acts of theft are penalized equally.
All children are provided free education in similar schools
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